Diastema is a gap or space between two teeth. Several species of mammals possess diastema as normal feature, very commonly in between incisors and molars. The term is generally applied to an open space between upper incisors (front teeth).
Diastema occurs due to uneven relationship between the size of jaw and teeth. It sometimes is caused or exacerbated by labial frenulum (the tissue connecting lip to gum), tongue thrusting or spreading of teeth because of periodontal diseases.
Two options are there for treating diastema or spacing between the teeth:
First involves orthodontically moving of teeth (braces) and this treatment generally requires 10-12 months for correction.
Second involves porcelain veneers placement.
Porcelain veneers are eggshell thin pieces of porcelain that are directly applied over tooth structure after carrying out initial tooth preparation. Once porcelain veneers are fused with underlying tooth structure, these reestablish the appearance of straight teeth and close the spaces without usage of braces. Additionally, the shape, color, and size of teeth can easily be altered as per wishes of patients for complete smile enhancement. The greatest benefit of porcelain veneers: treatment can be completed in two painless visits only.